2.3 Quiz Critical Thinking By Example


1. "People complain that governments give money to corporations that are in trouble, but not to the poor. This is a mistake. The poor are lazy, and the lazy do not deserve our help."

a) The main conclusion is: people complain that governments give money to corporations that are in trouble, but not to the poor.
b) The main conclusion is that it is a mistake to complain that governments give money to corporations that are in trouble, but not to the poor.
c) The main conclusion is: the poor are lazy.
d) The main conclusion is: the lazy do not deserve our help.
2. "People complain that governments give money to corporations that are in trouble, but not to the poor. This is a mistake. The poor are lazy, and the lazy do not deserve our

a) This is a good argument.
b) This arguments commits the fallacy of irrelevant reason.
c) This argument commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) This argument commits the fallacy of problematic premise.
3. "The poor are lazy. Just this morning I read a story about a bunch of college graduates who would rather get welfare than get a job and pay back their student loans.

a) This is a good argument.
b) This argument commits the fallacy of irrelevant reason.
c) This argument commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) This argument commits the fallacy of problematic premise.
4. "The poor are lazy. Just this morning I read a story about a bunch of college graduates who would rather get welfare than get a job and pay back their student loans."

a) The main conclusion is: the poor are lazy.
b) The main conclusion is: just this morning I read a story about a bunch of college graduates who would rather get welfare than get a job and pay back their student loans.
5. "All the self-made billionaires in this country worked hard for their money. This proves that if you work hard, you can become rich." The conclusion of this argument is

a) All the self-made billionaires in this country worked hard for their money.
b) If you work hard, you can become rich.
c) None of the above.
6. "All the self-made billionaires in this country worked hard for their money. This proves that if you work hard, you can become rich." The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of irrelevant reason.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the fallacy of problematic premise.
7. "Hardwork is not enough to get rich. You also need a fair economic and political system. A slave, for example, could work hard all his life and never get rich." The sentence "Hardwork is not enough to get rich" is best described as

a) the main conclusion
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is also a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
8. "Hardwork is not enough to get rich. You also need a fair economic and political system. A slave, for example, could work hard all his life and never get rich." The sentence "You need a fair economic and political system" is best described as

a) the main conclusion
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is also a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
9. "Hardwork is not enough to get rich. You also need a fair economic and political system. A slave, for example, could work hard all his life and never get rich." The sentence "A slave, for example, could work hard all his life and never get rich" is best described as

a) the main conclusion
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is also a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
10. "Hardwork is not enough to get rich. You also need a fair economic and political system. A slave, for example, could work hard all his life and never get rich." The best evaluation of this example is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of irrelevant reason.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the fallacy of problematic premise.
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