5.2 Quiz Critical Thinking By Example


1. "What do you mean Jose is not a communist? Of course he is. If you believe in publically funded, health care, then you are a communist." The main conclusion of this passage is

a) Jose believes in publically funded healthcare.
b) If you believe in publically funded health care, then you are a communist.
c) Jose is not a communist.
d) Jose is a communist.
2. "What do you mean Jose is not a communist? Of course he is. If you believe in publically funded, health care, then you are a communist." There is __________________in this passage.

a) no missing premise
b) a missing premise: Jose is a communist
c) a missing premise: Jose believes in publically funded health care
d) a missing conclusion: Jose believes in publically funded health care
3. "Juanita believes in publically funded health care, so she is not a capitalist. Capitalists believe that health care should be governed by the free market, not a bunch of bureaucrats in Washington or Moscow. Hence, she is a communist." The main conclusion of this passage is

a) Capitalists believe that the health care should be governed by the free market.
b) Juanita believes in publically funded health care.
c) Juanita is not a capitalist.
d) Juanita is a communist.
4. "Juanita believes in publically funded health care, so she is not a capitalist. Capitalists believe that health care should be governed by the free market, not a bunch of bureaucrats in Washington or Moscow. Hence, she is a communist." This argument is best described as having ______.

a) no missing premise.
b) a missing premise: Juanita is a capitalist.
c) a missing premise: if you are not a capitalist, then you are a communist.
d) a missing premise: if you are communist, then you are not a capitalist.
5. "You love your dog. When you come home, he can make a bad day at work disappear. There is a reason why he is called man's best friend. If you love your dog, you should feed him Superdog Chow with 12 essential vitamins." The sentence "If you love your dog, you should feed him Superdog Chow with 12 essential vitamins" is best described as

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is also a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
6. "You love your dog. When you come home, he can make a bad day at work disappear. There is a reason why he is called man's best friend. If you love your dog, you should feed him Superdog Chow with 12 essential vitamins." This argument has

a) a missing conclusion: your dog loves you.
b) a missing premise: loving your dog is sufficient reason to feed him Superdog Chow.
c) none of the above.
7. "It is wrong to keep your dog outside when you are home. Dogs are pack animals, and pack animals naturally like to be with their pack. Dog owners are part of a dog's pack." Which of the following best describes this argument?

a) The main conclusion is that it is wrong to keep your dog outside.
b) Dogs are paack animals.
c) Pack animals naturally like to be with their packs.
d) It is wrong to keep your dog outside when you are home.
8. "It is wrong to keep your dog outside when you are home. Dogs are pack animals, and pack animals naturally like to be with their pack. Dog owners are part of a dog's pack." Which of the following best describes this argument?

a) It has a missing premise: at times you are not home.
b) Some pack animals are dogs.
c) We should not require dogs to do what is unnatural.
d) Being inside is better than being outside.
9. "A number of studies show that if you want to succeed in the business world, then you should wear a suit. It is not clear why this is. You would think that business people would not be so shallow as to judge on appearance. But apparently this is not the case. Obviously you need to buy a suit." Which of the following best describes this argument?

a) The main conclusion is that you want to succeed in business.
b) The main conclusion is that you should buy a suit.
c) The main conclusion is that business people are shallower than expected.
d) The main conclusion is that it is not clear why suits are important.
10. "A number of studies show that if you want to succeed in the business world, then you should wear a suit. It is not clear why this is. You would think that business people would not be so shallow as to judge on appearance. But apparently this is not the case. Obviously you need to buy a suit." Which of the following best describes this argument?

a) This argument has a missing conclusion: you want to succeed in business.
b) This argument has no missing premises.
c) This argument has a missing premise: you want to succeed in the business world.
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