5.4 Quiz Critical Thinking by Example


1. The following is an argument made by a teenager in response to parental concern about sunscreen:

“[1] It is going to rain. [2] If it rains, it will be cloudy. [3] If it is cloudy, I won’t need sunscreen. [4] If I won’t need sunscreen, then there is no use packing it. [5] If I won’t need sunscreen, there is no use putting it on.”

[1] is best described as

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
2. [2] is best described as

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
3. [3] is best described as

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
4. [4] is best described as

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
5. [5] is best described as,

a) a main conclusion.
b) a main premise that is not a subconclusion.
c) a main premise that is a subconclusion.
d) a subpremise that is not a subconclusion.
e) a subpremise that is a subconclusion.
6. The relationship between [1] and [2] is best described as:

a) [1] and [2] are linked.
b) [1] is offered in support of [2].
c) [2] is offered in support of [1].
d) none of the above.
7. The relationship between [2] and [3] is best described as:

a) [2] and [3] are linked.
b) [2] is offered in support of [3].
c) [3] is offered in support of [2].
d) none of the above.
8. The relationship between [3] and [5] is best described as:

a) [3] and [5] are linked.
b) [3] is offered in support of [5].
c) [5] is offered in support of [3].
d) none of the above.
9. This passage is best described as containing

a) at least one linked argument.
b) at least one convergent argument.
c) at least one serial argument.
d) at least one divergent argument.
e) at least one linked argument and one convergent argument.
f) at least one linked argument and one divergent argument.
g) at least one linked argument and one serial argument.

10. Which, if any, is best described as a main conclusion.

a) It is rainy.
b) There is no use packing sunscreen.
c) There is no use in putting on sunscreen.
d) Both b and c.
e) All of the above.
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