6.3 Quiz Critical Thinking by Example


1. "Mindy: Scientists in the U.S. are advocating implanting human brain cells into mice. Some people think it is immoral to create hybrid or chimerical creatures. However, the scientists pushing for this research are the experts. We should listen to them.

Nancy: You couldn't be more wrong. In fact, I can’t believe you are saying this Mindy. This sounds a lot like the experiments of the Nazi scientists.

Ofelia: Sorry Nancy, you are the one who is wrong. We are trying to have a rational discussion and you are just being hysterical.

Pamela: Scientists should be able to conduct these experiments. Really it is no big deal. Scientists have already made hybrids. Scientists have used baboon hearts to keep patients alive. There are also diabetic patients who have received pig cells to produce insulin.

Quinn: Survey after survey shows that the American public does not want to go down this road. This research is morally wrong.

Roberta: Think of where we would be today if Copernicus did not dare suggest that the earth moves around the sun. Imagine if Darwin had kept silent about his theory of natural selection. Where would be? Progress is made by visionaries who are not afraid to go against accepted thinking. I agree with these scientists and applaud them for their vision and their courage."

The conclusion of Mindy's argument is that scientists are the experts when it comes to implanting human brain cells into mice.

a) True.
b) False
2. The best evaluation of Mindy's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

3. The conclusion of Nancy's argument is that scientists should not implant human brain cells in mice.

a) True.
b) False
4. The best evaluation of Nancy's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

5. The conclusion of Ofeilia's argument is that Nancy is being hysterical.

a) True.
b) False
6. The best evaluation of Ofelia's argument is

a) it commits the ad hominem fallacy.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

7. The conclusion of Pamela's argument is that scientists should be able to conduct these experiments.

a) True.
b) False
8. The best evaluation of Pamela's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

9. The best evaluation of Quinn's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

10. The best evaluation of Roberta's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of Guilt by Association.
c) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Majority.
d) it commits the Gambler’s Fallacy.
e) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to the Select Few.
f) it commits the fallacy of Appeal to Tradition.
g) it commits the fallacy of Improper Appeal to an Epistemic Authority

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