7.1 Quiz Critical Thinking by Example


1. “Fast food joints can’t be trusted. Three people died last year from eating contaminated food.” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
2. “The hum” is a low level and low frequency noise heard in a variety of places in the world. People describe it like the sound of a diesel engine idling a few miles away. It is most often heard at night. Reports of the hum have come from such diverse places as Hawaii, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Taos New Mexico. Various natural explanations have been proposed: the crash of sea waves, volcanic activity, traffic and so on. None of the proposed natural explanations fit for all locations, e.g., there are no crashing waves in New Mexico and there is no volcanic activity near the areas in the UK which have reported the hum. The explanation, whatever it is, must be supernatural."
The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
3. “Evil is innate in humans. The recent riots in Vancouver prove this. A bunch of ordinary citizens turned into a riotous crowd simply because they thought they could get away with it.” ” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
4. The Canucks will win the Stanley cup this year. The Canucks won three games at home in Vancouver. The Bruins have won three games at home in Boston. Obviously playing in rink they are more familiar with has a big influence. Fortunately, the Canucks play the final game, game seven, at home.” ” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
5. “Unmarked police cars are a great idea. The city brought and deployed eight cars last year, and since then speeding in the city has decreased significantly.” ” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
6. "The I-10 has been closed again for the third time this year because of a fatal accident. All three accidents have been between big tractor trailers and a driver of a personal vehicle. Each time the occupants of the personal vehicles have died, while the drivers of the tractor trailer have emerged with hardly a scrape. The government needs to crackdown on these irresponsible tractor trailer drivers who have brought so much carnage to our highways. “ ” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
b) it commits the fallacy of hasty generalization.
c) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
d) it commits the fallacy of jumping from correlation to causation.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
7. "Looks like your car’s interior won’t be ruined by rain, despite leaving the windows down. Juan said yesterday that he was going to gallery opening unless it rained. And he just called to say that he was on the way to the opening.” The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of affirming the consequent.
b) it commits the fallacy of improper sampling.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
8. “Everyone I know is celebrating the fact that lawmakers in our state won’t get paid until the budget is balanced. John Chiang, the state controller, is also refusing to pay them retroactively. Each day they do not come up with a balanced budget they lose about $400 in pay. Clearly John Chiang is a hero of the people.“ The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of affirming the consequent.
b) it commits the fallacy of improper sampling.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
9. “In my book club meeting last night everyone agreed that it might be a good thing if the NFL season was cancelled because of the contract disagreement between players and owners. Those that say everyone is in favor of a quick resolution of the dispute have overstated their case.
The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of affirming the consequent.
b) it commits the fallacy of improper sampling.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
10. “We can’t go on that cruise with you, since Celina did not get that raise her boss promised her. We did our budget and figured that we can go only if she got a decent raise.”The best evaluation of this argument is

a) it commits the fallacy of affirming the consequent.
b) it commits the fallacy of improper sampling.
c) it commits the fallacy of hasty conclusion.
d) it commits the post hoc fallacy.
e) assuming the premises are true, it is a good argument.
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