8.2 Quiz Critical Thinking by Example


1. Abby: The Greek protestors should go back to work or face jail time for their illegal strike. The country is in financial ruin. They are not patriots; patriots don’t go on illegal strikes.

Benito: I can’t agree with you Abby. Why should we accept that patriots do not go on illegal strikes? It seems to me you have just redefined what it is to be a patriot.

Carlos: Sorry, you’re wrong Benito. Patriots will only engage in legal strikes.

Diego: I think you are all missing the deeper reason for thinking that they are not patriots. If you are a patriot, you don’t break the law. The reason is obvious: if you break the law, then you are not a patriot.

Emelina: Patriots observe the law. That’s exactly what the protesters did. They observed that the austerity measures are unfair: the Greek government’s program makes the poor and the middle class pay for the greed of the rich.

Felicia: Either what the protestors did was criminal or it was not. If you break the law, then you have committed a crime. If you commit a crime, then you are criminal. The Greek protesters are criminals.

Gloria: That’s not right. I speed all the time, and I am not a criminal.

Inigo: Well, perhaps I am a criminal. But I’m not a bad person because I break the speeding limit, and I speed a little all the time.

The best evaluation of Abby's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
2. The best evaluation of Benito's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
3. The best evaluation of Carlos's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
4. The best evaluation of Diego's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
5. The best evaluation of Emelina's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
6. The best evaluation of Felicia's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
7. The best evaluation of Gloria's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
8. The best evaluation of Inigio's argument is

a) it is a good argument.
b) it commits the fallacy of persuasive definition.
c) it commits the fallacy of begging the question.
d) it commits the fallacy of false dilemma.
e) it commits the fallacy of equivocation.
f) it commits the fallacy of vagueness.
9. "A rectangle is a four-sided plane figure with equal angles and lengths." This definition is

a) too narrow.
b) too wide.
c) too narrow and too wide.
d) neither too narrow nor too wide.
10. Tea is a hot drink drank by many Brits. This definition is




a) too narrow.
b) too wide.
c) too narrow and too wide.
d) neither too narrow nor too wide.
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